gas steam normal pressure fire tube boiler dealer
Several problems into a coal-fired steam normal pressure fire tube boiler dealer fuel gas boiler fired boilers changed several issues should be noted that the fuel gas boiler: fuel oil (l) high temperature corrosion of the fuel used in the boiler, containing an organic salt of a metal element as sodium, vanadium class, after combustion of the low melting point eutectic oxide crystals, generally of about 600 ℃, or even lower. These oxides sublimation at a high temperature furnace, then condensed in a lower relative temperature of the heated surface to form a high temperature corrosive fouling. Is characterized by high temperature corrosion: the metal began to appear at temperatures in excess of 580-620 deg.] C, the higher the temperature, the faster the etching. High temperature corrosion measures to prevent: l) the use of additives. Mainly magnesium, calcium oxide, hydroxide or dolomite (CaC03, MgCO3) and the like, these additives can generate a high melting point compound with the component acting in a high temperature fouling, the fouling becomes loose and shape, so as to avoid or mitigate high temperature corrosion. 2) use high temperature materials with good corrosion resistance, high temperature corrosion resistant chromium steel is better than the nickel-chromium steel. 3) coated with a protective film. Susceptible to corrosion in high temperature heating surface ceramic surface coating, a silicon carbide or silicon nitride special coatings, the heated surface may be aluminized other treatment to improve its high temperature resistance. 3) coated with a protective film. Susceptible to corrosion in high temperature heating surface and other surface-coated ceramics, silicon carbide, silicon nitride, or special coatings, the heated surface may be aluminized other treatment to improve its high temperature performance rot cloud. (2) low temperature corrosion in fuel sulfur generated during the combustion S02, since the fouling atomic oxygen present in the furnace and the convection heating surface and catalytic oxide film, SO2 is further oxidized to S03. S03 and H2S04 vapor in flue gas generated in conjunction with, the dew point of the flue gas containing the sulfuric acid vapor is greatly increased, when heated wall temperature below the dew point of sulfuric acid vapor will condense on the walls, and corrosion of the metal wall. Usually low temperature corrosion It occurs at the end of the air preheater of the boiler. Thus when burning high sulfur fuel, care must be taken to prevent low temperature corrosion. Prevent low temperature corrosion measures are: 1) low oxygen combustion. When the excess air at the outlet of the furnace lag coefficient down to 1.10 or less, for sulfur of the fuel oil used, the dew point of the flue gas will be significantly decreased, so as to avoid or mitigate low temperature corrosion. 2) use of additives. Sprayed into the furnace or flue additive in the curb generation of SO3 and to reduce the flue gas dew point temperature. Common additives solid (dolomite, limestone, magnesium oxide, and some special compound), the liquid (aqueous magnesium chloride solution, some oil soluble magnesium, calcium, zinc naphthenate compound) and a gas (ammonia gas, ammonia, three different ring) three categories. 3) raising the thermal wall temperature, so that it is higher than the dew point temperature of flue gas. Commonly used methods are: hot air recirculation inlet temperature of the air preheater increase; the installation of the heater core, air is heated by steam, a low temperature air preheater horizontal structure, the level of a horizontal pipe line is arranged an air preheater , the air flow in the pipe, the pipe between the smoke flow, erosion due to the lateral wall of the flue gas, the flue gas side heat transfer coefficient is increased to increase the wall temperature, more generally vertical wall temperature of the air preheater increase 20 ~ 25 ℃. 4) corrosion-resistant materials or corrosion resistant coating materials include glass, ceramics and the like; an anti-corrosion coating and had tried to enamel-coated surfaces like special steel anticorrosion paint. 5) timely sootblowing operation, and therefore should be a reasonable arrangement sootblowers. Fire and explosion of fuel failure (3) heating surface of the tail or incomplete combustion of atomized droplets gather in the tail of the heating surface, when it reaches ignition or explosion conditions, i.e., ignition and explosion may occur. The tail heating surface fouling aggravated by the possibility of aggregation of the oil droplets. Therefore, when coal-fired boilers into oil-fired boiler, burner should be correct and rational selection and delivery, and strictly develop from the induced draft fan. Rules and procedures for shutdown and normal operation to ensure good fuel atomization, with the wind reasonable. At each of the heating surface is arranged to be reasonable sootblowers. (4) determining the dew point temperature of flue gas is determined dew-point temperature of the flue gas has practical significance for the design and operation of flue gas dew point temperature factors influence mainly sulfur fuel ink, excess air coefficient, water vapor in the flue the amount of sulfur / cement ratio and combustion.
Recently, Taiyuan, Shanxi Province Environmental Protection Leading Group issued a circular on promoting the transformation of ultra-low emissions and low nitrogen transformation of biomass steam normal pressure fire tube boiler dealers gas-fired boiler. Resolutely implement - the latest requirements "2018 in Beijing, Tianjin and the surrounding areas in 2019 autumn and winter tackling air pollution comprehensive management action plan" in, and further reduces boiler emissions standards.
1, 2019 until October 31, the use of boiler tail decoration efficient dust removal, desulfurization, stock device is accomplished ultra-low emission biomass boilers transformation of the necessary funds by the counties (cities, districts) and users together to solve, not the municipal finance I grant.
2, October 31, 2019 update for ultra-low emissions of nitrogen gas boilers, electric boilers biomass boilers, municipal finance one-time grant 30 yuan / square meter construction costs, in part by the lack of counties (cities, districts) and user common solutions.
Way: by transformation to replace the low NOx combustion, a flue gas recirculation device installation mode, NOx emission is less than 30 mg / m item.
NOx emission cuts ≥50%, and the concentration value of less than 30 mg / cubic meter project, to give up prize money of 30% in accordance with the transformation of investment.
3, after December 31, 2017 the new gas boiler, should meet the emission requirements on Taiyuan low NOx combustion, but does not enjoy the low NOx combustion subsidies.
Methods of operation and precautions gas steam steam normal pressure fire tube boiler dealer steam boiler with a gas advantage of social development is increasingly clear that the future economic level to enhance people will focus on comfort. Throughout the heating market innovation Although several decades of history in the worldwide gas boiler, but because of China's housing form, heating the environment and foreign difference is relatively large, there is currently in use gas boiler, there are still some unresolved issues The problem. Gas-fired boiler during use, the pipeline can be said is essential. Gas-fired steam boiler pipeline system is necessary to ensure normal supply of natural gas equipment, must pay attention to anti-corrosion of boiler tubes gas. Pipeline gas boiler heating system after a long period of use, will gradually varying levels of wear and degradation slowly, then the gas boiler pipeline corrosion problems which need to pay attention to it? Gas steam boiler heating pipe residual soldering flux has not been removed leaving a clean and cause corrosion in the water system, these regions are more easily aggravated rust corrosion, a long time would cause a pinhole on the heat sink, resulting in leakage. Some flux comprising an organic acid, bis more metals together form electrolytic corrosion effect. The most common heating systems made of stainless steel and iron materials with copper, galvanic corrosion occurs between the iron and copper, in which case, the corrosion rate of steel will be faster than the copper. Since the gas boiler system design, such as a bad selection pump, or the position of the obturator when the bad systems are not very good, the external negative pressure will pump air into the system, so that oxygen in the air system to accelerate corrosion of metal. Will have a good ability to maintain self-neutral water quality, but when the water quality is not good, there are a lot of home electric boiler condensing heat exchanger made of aluminum materials, aluminum is due to the appearance of easily forming a dense aluminum oxide protective film this layer of oxide film can easily be removed by acidic or basic water, resulting in occurrence of corrosion. The metal heating apparatus of the system generated during cutting, the whole or partial etching adhesive residue bonded pipe, as well as some mineral oils, residual casting sand and radiator systems of microorganisms in the system will be increased.
Steam steam normal pressure fire tube boiler dealer pressure gauge should pay attention to matters 1. The rated steam pressure less than 2.45MPa steam boilers, pressure gauge accuracy of not less than 2.5; equal to the rated boiler steam pressure 2.45MPa, the pressure shall not be less than 1.5. Electric heating boiler and the boiler is mainly composed of electric control box and control system. Its characteristics are environmentally friendly, clean, no pollution, no noise, automatic, with limited energy and reduce prices significantly, as a new boiler electric heating boiler equipment increasingly being recognized. Electric heating the core member is electrically heated boiler, directly determines the life of the boiler, to select a non-metallic electrical heating tube (such as a ceramic heating pipe), because it is resistant to the load, a long life, and a water separation structure, the boiler Wing no leakage. There are heating and hot water boiler bath for two purposes. Hot water boiler by circulating hot water circulation pump hot water holding tank, the tank hot water heating cycle can be achieved bath object; hot water boiler by circulating hot water circulation pump heating conduit, through the heat sink (radiator) people can achieve heating requirements; hot water boiler and hot water circulating pump with heat exchanger can be achieved bathing and heating dual function. Dial gauge diameter of not less than 100 mm, to ensure that the operator can clearly see the surface pressure indication. 2. On the dial gauge steam boiler should draw a red line to indicate the maximum allowable working pressure. 3. The steam boiler pressure gauge should be installed in place to facilitate the observation and purged, and should prevent high temperature, vibration and icing. 4. The steam boiler pressure gauge should be checked at least once every six months, to be sealed lead-sealed after calibration. 5. The steam boiler gauge connection tube not leak water and steam, otherwise it will reduce the pressure instruction value. 6. A steam boiler pressure gauge measuring range should be compatible with the operating pressure of the device under test, the working pressure is generally 1.53 times, preferably 2 times the working pressure. Steam boiler no pressure gauge, pressure gauge or pressure gauge damage does not meet the requirements. When the steam boiler pressure gauge of the following circumstances, should stop using: 1. The surface of the glass or the dial pins; Lead seal, lead seal is broken or exceeds the calibration period; when no pressure gauge pointer position is limited to the limit staple nail can not be restored, and the rank unlimited gauge pointer movement from zero data is out of range pressure layer. Poor; leak or pointer jitter in the meter; other defects affect the accuracy of the pressure gauge. The use of the accumulator: the accumulator for a hydraulic system of the machine intermittently. It may be a low speed motion or intermittent motion of the actuator, the oil reservoir of the hydraulic pump, when rapid movement of the actuator requires a large flow rate, as an auxiliary energy supply to the system together with the hydraulic pump, enabling the pump and the entire hydraulic system miniaturization, to achieve energy saving. Hydraulic shock absorber valve and the opening and closing of rapid mutation load, the system generates a pressure shock, loved one causes vibration and noise and even damage the machine. The accumulator can relax and absorb the impact pressure of the liquid. Accumulators absorb and reduce the pressure pulsation flow pulsation and various hydraulic pumps, thus reducing noise and vibration system. The function of the gas spring having a damper, the vibration can be used to walk between the car body and the wheel and other mechanical absorption. The accumulator may be balance gravity vertical actuator (hydraulic cylinder) and the potential energy absorbing load drop into hydraulic energy storage, while producing speed resistance. When the rising vertical actuator, the accumulator absorbs energy of the original release, and together with the oil pump to the hydraulic cylinders, so as to achieve balance and energy.