chinese industrial hot water gas boiler
The main characteristics of the indicators boiler What? To demonstrate configuration, capacity, parameter and economical operation of the boiler, etc., generally represented by the following indicators to the basic characteristics of the boiler. A) evaporation industrial boilers evaporation is generally 0.1 ~ 65t / h. For the chinese industrial hot water boiler with a nominal thermal power of its capacity to indicate the size, in units of MW. (Ii) pressure and temperature for saturated steam production boiler, just indicate steam pressure. For the production of superheated steam boiler, the steam temperature of the steam must be marked at the outlet of the superheater, i.e., superheated steam temperature, the unit is deg.] C. For hot water boiler, the hot water temperature has rated outlet and rated the import of sub backwater temperature. With rated thermal power, rated water temperature and the return temperature corresponding to the rated nominal referred circulating water flow of water through the hot water boiler, the unit is t / h. Heating boiler (iii) an evaporator heating surface and the heating surface of the heat generation rate surface evaporation rate or heating rate is an indicator of the intensity of the boiler work, the greater the numerical value, the better the heat transfer, the smaller the amount of metal consumed boiler. Heating surface evaporation rate general industrial boiler is less than 40kg / (m · h); heating surface of the heating rate of hot water boiler is less than 83700kJ / (m · h) iv) the thermal efficiency of the boiler which is an index indicating economical boiler heat, general industrial combustion thermal coal boiler efficiency of around 60% to 82%. Sometimes, in order to measure the heat economy schematically steam boiler, are also commonly used coal or coal water vapor than the ratio expressed as the ratio of the amount of coal in the boiler per unit time over the period of time and the amount of steam production. Coal-water ratio of about the size and type of boiler, coal quality and operation management quality and other factors. Industrial boilers coal-water ratio is generally l: 6 ~ 1: 7.5. Description (a) Evaporation: desired amount of steam produced per hour steam boiler called evaporation, the unit is t / h steam boiler showed that the size of the rated capacity of evaporation, i.e. in boiler design parameters and ensure a certain efficiency. maximum continuous evaporation, also known as the rated output of the boiler (ii) pressure and temperature: the rated pressure steam boiler of the steam at the outlet of the steam or the hot water boiler rated working pressure rated pressure at the outlet of the hot water boiler is called, and He said maximum working pressure, in units of MPa (iii) an evaporator heating surface and the heating surface of the heat generation rate: refers to the heating surface of the pot soft drinks and other heat transfer medium and the flue gas heat exchange area of the pressure receiving member, usually with smoke metal surface area of the gas-side heating area is calculated, in units of square meters. the amount of steam per hour per square meter of the resulting heating surface, called boiler heating surface evaporation rate, in units of kg / (m · h) per hour hot water boiler m² heating surface of heat generated by the heat generation rate is referred to as heating surface, the unit is kJ / (m · h). (Iv) thermal efficiency: thermal efficiency of the boiler is a boiler effective utilization percentage of the heat input and heat boiler per unit time, also called boiler efficiency, [eta] is represented by the symbol.
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After the gas chinese industrial hot water boiler hot water boiler vaporization emergency 1. Vaporization handler circulating pump stops abnormally pump failure caused by: ① blower stops running immediately. ② immediately open the door, take measures to pressure the fire, lift the chute gate, cutting off the supply of coal grate. ③ In the case of boiler pressure not greater than 0.6MPa (600KPa), the exhaust valve to follow, only a sharp rise in pressure in the boiler deflated, used only relief exceeds 0.9MPa, and the exhaust process to be carried out slowly, prevention boiler due to loss of pressure and more violently again vaporized. ④ close the boiler water, water main gas valve. ⑤ open stop valve recirculation line, to ensure that the water supply pipe velocity convection heating surface (economizer) to prevent re-vaporization of the economizer. ⑥ The operation of the above operation, at the same time to pay the boiler to reduce the boiler water temperature and the furnace pressure. ⑦ After the boiler pressure is normal, i.e., opening the standby circulating pump, into the normal combustion. 2. Treatment failure or sudden loss of power boiler vaporization of power: ① immediately open the door, lift the coal chute slide gate to take pressure fire measures to reduce the oven temperature. ② Grate with the fastest speed in order in the shortest time to fire onto the slag tap. ③ the degree of treatment in the first case. Once a short time can not supply heating network system, antifreeze should take emergency measures. 3. Due to excessive heat boiler boiler vaporization process: ① the immediate closure of the drum, induced draft fan. ② immediately open the door, take measures to pressure the fire, lift the supply of coal chute slide gate, off of coal, while the grate into fast gear. ③ In the case confirmed the presence of water, the boiler can supply water to the boiler body, boiler out of the water while closing the main valve. ④ Open line stop valve recirculation pump to ensure water velocity convection heating surface of the pipe, to prevent the economizer again vaporized. ⑤ Open circulating pump with jog mode, jog each time less than 30 seconds, again less than one minute jog interval. Jog purpose is to reduce the boiler water temperature, while preventing a large amount of steam into the pipeline system. ⑥ back into place after the safety valve, circulating pump running, and then the normal burning stove. 4. Water boiler system run vaporization process due to water loss, loss of pressure caused by: ① immediately closed drum, induced draft fan. ② out of the water while closing the main valve and the boiler circulating pump. ③ take the same measures to cool the furnace tube described above. ④ Open stop valve recirculation line. ⑤ rely exhaust valve until the safety valve back into place. ⑥ until the boiler water temperature drops below 50 ℃, when the temperature of the furnace temperature less number 200 ℃, again within the boiler feed water, water course to be carried out slowly, to prevent harm to the boiler when the temperature is too large. ⑦ After processing leakage fault, the system time to the replenishment, and out of the water boiler always open the valve, and the circulating pump, and then normal combustion.
Electric power operation a steam boiler steam boiler flame condition is a kind of power for energy conversion from electric energy into thermal energy, the hot water or organic heat medium (HTF) is heated to a certain parameters (temperature of the boiler through the heat exchanger portion, pressure) and externally output has a nominal thermal Machinery working fluid. The use according to electric boiler can be divided into: KS-D electric water boilers, CLDR (CWDR) electric boiler (including an electrical heating bath boilers and electric boilers), LDR (WDR) electric steam boiler. Electric steam boiler in the process of running, fireman personnel to observe the combustion flame, burning flame can burn if fully reflect fully, a number of other accessories such as whether there is a problem, then the fireman can be carried out according to the boiler combustion flame swap, in order to reach the normal combustion. If the flame exhibits electric steam boiler combustion yellow-orange, with neither white nor black smoke bright and clear outline, surrounded by non-sparking, fire smoke color other than transparent; size and shape of the flame at high fire to substantially fill the chamber but the phenomenon of flame swept and peripheral heating surface does not appear. In the case where the oil temperature, oil pressure requirements are met, such as the Mars entrained in the flame, it is possible that nozzle clogging. When the atomization uniform, the local flux density is too large, the presence of coarse particles or droplets, can see the flame root few black stripe, snow flake peripheral flame Mars large droplets combustion. If there is incomplete combustion of carbon black and outer combustible gas flame, the flame and smoke in rewinding the tail and around the flame, smoke opacity. Here the air volume should be adjusted, with the wind flame-inspection position of the disc, to remove the nozzle may hit coke.