Automatic 10 Ton Industrial Horizontal Coal Fired Steam Boiler
Gas-fired automatic 10 ton industrial horizontal coal fired steam boiler applications include gas steam boiler steam boiler and hot water boiler two categories, under the policy from coal to gas, the use of gas steam boiler is also increasingly widespread up. Regional gas boiler is also engaged in the implementation of replacement or renovation project. Then come to you simply steam boiler applications have what? Steam boiler applications can be roughly divided into three categories, residential, commercial and industrial, civil and generally refers to the domestic gas boiler our lives with so-called boiler, primarily for home heating and bath with hot water , which is characterized by simple structure, convenient operation, long life, is the choice of most families choose; commercial, then generally refers to the star hotel, hospital school district heating mechanism, the general will choose to steam bath or gas boiler boiler for hot water supply of the main ways. Required in this area to select a gas boiler, characterized in that the gas or gas compared in terms of biomass fuel, no dust combustion, emissions in the flue gas can also control the amount of nitrogen emissions. Gas-fired steam boiler combustion more fully in value, mostly in the commercial is also a good choice; the last is the industrial furnace, industrial furnace is characteristic of large tonnage, high fuel demand, in general, the company received the heat a gas pipeline to gas as fuel, then the biggest advantage is that no storage, reducing transportation and storage costs of fuel, generally used for thermal power generation or industrial heating and heating company needs large industrial enterprises. These are the three main areas of use on gas-fired boiler to introduce today, hoping to help you have a better understanding of steam or hot water boiler, also hope that we can continue to focus on.
6 tons adjusting a combustion gas automatic 10 ton industrial horizontal coal fired steam boiler, normal combustion boiler three basic aspects of indicators include a uniform supply of the fuel, reasonable ventilation, adjustment the combustion. 1, to maintain the high temperature of the combustion chamber temperature of the upper layer is preferably in the 1100 ~ 1300 ℃, flame orange in color. Flame reddish color indicates that the amount is not enough to the wind, the color white indicates that excessive wind. It should be appropriately adjusted. 2, fuel ash to reduce ash content in the combustibles to be below 10%. 3, reducing the temperature of the boiler flue gas exhaust gas temperature should be controlled below 200 ℃. 4, holding furnace negative excess air boiler is 1.2 to 1.4, by adjusting the balance of the blowers to maintain the furnace pressure is -20 ~ -30Pa. 5, the thermal efficiency of the boiler to improve the thermal efficiency of the boiler should be kept above 60%. II. Combustion Adjustment 1, the amount of fuel to air required for combustion and the amount of a reasonable distribution. Ventilation should first increase the amount of fuel increases, it should first reduce the amount of fuel supply reduced ventilation. 2, the thickness of the seam and seam thickness configuration grate speed is 80 ~ 120mm grate speed at high, middle and low profile configuration of several commonly used methods:. 9a rapid combustion of thin seam b c thick seam in low combustion. 3 thick seam combustion speed, the segment with the wind blowing principle: burn promoting intermediate ends. That is, after the coal into the coal starts to warm up the shutter, fire line front arch, the primary combustion zone, the middle grate to burn the rear grate zone. Normal combustion conditions are: fuel from the coal at the beginning of the fire shutter 300mm, uniform flames, the fire bed formation, at the end of combustion from the end of the grate 300 ~ 500mm. 4. maintain proper furnace temperature to avoid coking. The fire bed to maintain the homogeneous combustion, to avoid burning fire bed obliquely. 6. The residence time of the fuel on the grate in less than 30 minutes.
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The heat loss of exhaust smoke is the largest of all kinds of heat loss in boiler. Generally, the heat loss of exhaust smoke is 6% of the heat fed into the furnace, and the heat loss of exhaust gas increases 0.5% when the temperature of exhaust gas increases by 12 ℃ and 15 ℃. So the exhaust temperature is one of the most important indicators of boiler operation. The following are several possible causes of increased flue gas temperature in the furnace: (1) slagging and ash accumulation on the heated surface. No matter it is the slag accumulation in the water-cooled wall of the furnace, or the ash deposition in the superheater, convection tube bundle, economizer and preheater, the thermal resistance of the flue gas measurement will increase, the cooling effect of the flue gas will become worse due to the deterioration of the heat transfer, and the exhaust temperature will rise. (2) excess air coefficient Big. Under normal conditions, the exhaust temperature increases with the increase of excess air coefficient at furnace outlet. After the increase of excess air coefficient, although the amount of smoke increased, the rate of smoke increased, and the convection heat increased, the increase of heat transfer was not as much as that of the increase of flue gas. It can be understood that after the increase of smoke speed, the flue gas leaves the heating surface without time to transfer heat to the working fluid. (3) the air leakage coefficient is too large. The flue gas leakage in the furnace and rear shaft of a negative pressure boiler is inevitable and the leakage coefficient allowed by a certain heating surface is specified. When the air leakage coefficient increases, the effect on the exhaust temperature is similar to that of the superheated air coefficient. And the air leaks away. The closer the furnace is, the greater the influence on the rise in exhaust temperature. (4) Water supply temperature. When the steam turbine load is too low or the high pressure heater is out of line, the feed water temperature of the boiler will be lowered. Generally speaking, if the fuel quantity is kept constant, the heat transfer temperature difference of the economizer decreases and the heat absorption of the economizer decreases when the feed water temperature is increased, which makes the exhaust temperature increase. (5) moisture in the fuel. The increase of moisture in the fuel increases the amount of smoke, thus increasing the exhaust temperature. (6) Boiler load. Although the boiler load increases proportionally, the amount of smoke, the amount of steam, the amount of water supplied, and the volume of air increase proportionally, however, the flue gas temperature at the furnace outlet increases proportionally. Increase, so that the exhaust temperature increased. After increasing the load, the outlet temperature of the furnace increases, the heat transfer temperature difference of the convection heating surface increases and the heat absorption increases. Therefore, the more the convection heating surface is, the less the influence of the boiler load on the exhaust gas temperature is. (7) fuel varieties. When the low calorific value gas is fired, the radiative heat transfer in the furnace decreases due to the decrease of furnace temperature, and the non-combustible components in low calorific value gas, mainly N _ 2, CO _ 2 and H _ 2O, increase the amount of flue gas, so the exhaust temperature increases. Although the excess air coefficient of furnace outlet is lower than that of coal burning, the ash content in the fuel oil is very low after the pulverized coal furnace is changed to burn oil, although the excess air coefficient at the furnace outlet is lower when burning oil. There is no larger ash particle in flue gas, and there is no cleaning effect of larger ash particle on the heating surface, and the convection heating surface is polluted more seriously. Therefore, combustion is not good, often smoke-emitting boiler smoke temperature rise. When there is a steel ball dust removal device at the tail, the exhaust temperature is slightly lower than that of burning coal because the tail is cleaner. (8) the operation mode of pulverizing system. For a closed pulverizing system with a silo, when the pulverizing system is in operation, as a part of the water in the fuel enters the furnace, the furnace temperature decreases and the flue gas increases, and the cold air leaking into the pulverizing system enters the furnace as a primary air during the operation of the pulverizing system. Reduction of air flow through air preheater To raise the exhaust temperature. On the contrary, when the pulverizing system is shut down, the exhaust temperature decreases.