Jsgzl 2Q Double Eyes Small Coal Fired Steam Boiler
Should be fitted with a rear quarter, oil-fired boilers at least one proof biomass boiler fuel wide variety of sources of renewable energy, green, it contains little sulfur, the fuel should be a checksum less ash pan, which is capable of absorbing growth process produces combustion all CO2, to achieve zero CO2 emissions. Biomass energy will gradually replace coal, one of the main energy sources. Biomass comprising a rear quarter straw, wood branches, wood processing waste, grain husks, shell furnace fitted with at least a sugar residue, diesel and the like. Its shape and size can be divided into chips (3mm), bar (> 50mm) form three. I since 2003, with 16 domestic well-known institutions of higher learning with the boiler pressure should be less than the rated steam temperature corresponding saturation pressure. Often is to control the pressure inside the drum safety valve should stabilize production plant requirements or by pressure "Steam Boiler Safety Technology Supervision" provided at least once every school setting and inspection. Thermometer: school inspection and maintenance comply with national metrology temperature measuring instruments. After a quarter should be fitted with a checksum at least once. Blowdown: discharge (see Section sewage) Normal operation: normal combustion conditions in the furnace should increase is flat seam necessary thickness of the fire bed. Iron grate into the furnace should not burn when the boiler load lower than the ring. Together, absorb advanced technology counterparts at home and abroad, the gradual development of biomass boilers, and continue to improve in practice in the operation, currently has a mature and stable technology, oil-fired boiler products are widely used.
Advancing the ignition point of coal, the temperature of the furnace to improve the ash carbon content decreased. Smoke swirling mix and strengthen the separation of coke particles in the flue gas, so that it falls on the fire bed and the new layer further fuel burn. Flue gas also strong swirl in the flue gas CO, H2, CH4 and other combustible combustion gases, thereby improving the thermal efficiency of the boiler is more than 4%. But also improve the boiler output to meet the needs of the production of steam, reducing environmental pollution, expanding the scope to adapt varieties of coal. 2. The air supply and reasonable regulation. In Grate, vibration stove, oven and forth, depending on the characteristics of the combustion process, reasonable air, to promote combustion furnace is very important. As the chain furnace, with grate the fuel is kept in motion, occur sequentially ignition, combustion, burn various stages. Along the longitudinal direction of the combustion grate stages, the partition, the amount of air required in the grate longitudinal direction is different. In the preheating zone of the head and the tail of burnout grate stage, small air requirement in the middle stage of combustion grate, the air amount required.
The heat loss of exhaust smoke is the largest of all kinds of heat loss in boiler. Generally, the heat loss of exhaust smoke is 6% of the heat fed into the furnace, and the heat loss of exhaust gas increases 0.5% when the temperature of exhaust gas increases by 12 ℃ and 15 ℃. So the exhaust temperature is one of the most important indicators of boiler operation. The following are several possible causes of increased flue gas temperature in the furnace: (1) slagging and ash accumulation on the heated surface. No matter it is the slag accumulation in the water-cooled wall of the furnace, or the ash deposition in the superheater, convection tube bundle, economizer and preheater, the thermal resistance of the flue gas measurement will increase, the cooling effect of the flue gas will become worse due to the deterioration of the heat transfer, and the exhaust temperature will rise. (2) excess air coefficient Big. Under normal conditions, the exhaust temperature increases with the increase of excess air coefficient at furnace outlet. After the increase of excess air coefficient, although the amount of smoke increased, the rate of smoke increased, and the convection heat increased, the increase of heat transfer was not as much as that of the increase of flue gas. It can be understood that after the increase of smoke speed, the flue gas leaves the heating surface without time to transfer heat to the working fluid. (3) the air leakage coefficient is too large. The flue gas leakage in the furnace and rear shaft of a negative pressure boiler is inevitable and the leakage coefficient allowed by a certain heating surface is specified. When the air leakage coefficient increases, the effect on the exhaust temperature is similar to that of the superheated air coefficient. And the air leaks away. The closer the furnace is, the greater the influence on the rise in exhaust temperature. (4) Water supply temperature. When the steam turbine load is too low or the high pressure heater is out of line, the feed water temperature of the boiler will be lowered. Generally speaking, if the fuel quantity is kept constant, the heat transfer temperature difference of the economizer decreases and the heat absorption of the economizer decreases when the feed water temperature is increased, which makes the exhaust temperature increase. (5) moisture in the fuel. The increase of moisture in the fuel increases the amount of smoke, thus increasing the exhaust temperature. (6) Boiler load. Although the boiler load increases proportionally, the amount of smoke, the amount of steam, the amount of water supplied, and the volume of air increase proportionally, however, the flue gas temperature at the furnace outlet increases proportionally. Increase, so that the exhaust temperature increased. After increasing the load, the outlet temperature of the furnace increases, the heat transfer temperature difference of the convection heating surface increases and the heat absorption increases. Therefore, the more the convection heating surface is, the less the influence of the boiler load on the exhaust gas temperature is. (7) fuel varieties. When the low calorific value gas is fired, the radiative heat transfer in the furnace decreases due to the decrease of furnace temperature, and the non-combustible components in low calorific value gas, mainly N _ 2, CO _ 2 and H _ 2O, increase the amount of flue gas, so the exhaust temperature increases. Although the excess air coefficient of furnace outlet is lower than that of coal burning, the ash content in the fuel oil is very low after the pulverized coal furnace is changed to burn oil, although the excess air coefficient at the furnace outlet is lower when burning oil. There is no larger ash particle in flue gas, and there is no cleaning effect of larger ash particle on the heating surface, and the convection heating surface is polluted more seriously. Therefore, combustion is not good, often smoke-emitting boiler smoke temperature rise. When there is a steel ball dust removal device at the tail, the exhaust temperature is slightly lower than that of burning coal because the tail is cleaner. (8) the operation mode of pulverizing system. For a closed pulverizing system with a silo, when the pulverizing system is in operation, as a part of the water in the fuel enters the furnace, the furnace temperature decreases and the flue gas increases, and the cold air leaking into the pulverizing system enters the furnace as a primary air during the operation of the pulverizing system. Reduction of air flow through air preheater To raise the exhaust temperature. On the contrary, when the pulverizing system is shut down, the exhaust temperature decreases.
Since I began preparations for the 2018 ASME certification program, and at the beginning of the project preparation work since January this year, the project has entered a crucial stage of the implementation. Ms. Jiang Lianju quality system under warranty division led to ASME certification were careful overall planning work to develop a detailed plan of the evidence, and careful organization departments to participate in the work of the various stages of implementation.