coal fired water boiler
The reason you need to know the boiler energy consumption (reheat steam temperature) reheat steam temperature problems 1. Circumstances reheat temperature rises 1.1 Move boiler furnace flame center, furnace outlet temperature increases (see main economic indicators No. 5 boiler exhaust gas temperature). 1.2 coal increased too fast. 1.3 Excess air amount is increased. 1.4 pulverizing system start-stop. 1.5 Automatic control of the reheater desuperheating water improper adjustment. 1.6 reheater sootblowing time poor choice. 1.7 feed water temperature is low. 1.8 the high pressure turbine exhaust temperature is high. Next to the 1.9 high leakage, high reheater inlet temperature. Hot and cold extraction section greater then 1.10. 1.11 boiler heating surface design is unreasonable, over-temperature reheater tube wall, forced cooling operation. 2. Reheat the following partial flame temperature is lowered center 2.1: burner tilt deviation, hem; burner is switched from the upper to the lower layer, the lower layer or to an excessive amount of the powder; volatile coal fraction is increased, the pulverized coal thinning, water reduction. 2.2 reheater heating surface fouling, slagging, fouling the interior. 2.3 Save reheat the heated drain valve. 2.4 automatic adjustment inappropriate, excessive reheater desuperheating water. 2.5 feedwater temperature. 2.6 economizer and water wall sootblowing time poor choice. 2.7 reduce the amount of coal too fast. 2.8 # 1, # 2 high pressure heater is disabled, increasing the reheated steam flow.
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Hot coal fired water boiler item to check what internal checks and the use of hot water boilers prepared in the furnace and flue inspections of boiler accessories, check the automatic control system, checking of ancillary equipment, inspection equipment burning auxiliary heating surface check the hot water boiler must be done before running some tests, these tests are quite a lot of us, it is possible because of our neglect and causing very serious consequences. Therefore, we must forestall, be sure to carefully check the following before the hot water boiler operation. 1, including the use of internal inspection and boiler ready. 2, inspection, and furnace fouling and debris inside the flue in the furnace and flue should be cleaned. Flue duct and damper, the shutter must be complete and compact, flexible switch, opening and closing accurately indicated. 3, check the boiler accessories, check the safety accessory is intact; cock is rotating flexible, easy to use; all kinds of instruments and controls should be complete, good, clean. After passing the examination, should the gauge cocks in working condition. 4, check the automatic control system. 5. Check the accessory device. 6, inspection of the combustion apparatus, the combustion apparatus is intact inspection; mechanical transmission system, coal handling system, the ballast system test switch normally; spring-loaded safety level of a gearbox should be appropriate, well lubricated; coal shutter indicate the correct scale. iron eagle neat, well, turn the ballast plates full, flexible movement. 7, the auxiliary heating surface of the inspection, check the auxiliary device (fan, blower, pump, etc.) are firmly connected coupling; proper belt tension triangle; oil should be good enough; cooling water flow. After passing the examination, installed security guard, respectively, commissioning, and note the current when idling.
Effect of boiler fine coal combustion boiler operating principle is to use thermal energy or heat in industrial post fuel released by combustion is transferred to the water in the container, the temperature or pressure of the water reaches a certain desired steam heating equipment. Many people will feel that coal-fired boiler more detailed the better, but is it really? From a combustion point of view, the finer coal particles more easily form a good mixing with the air, the more complete the combustion. But the coal particles too small, for boilers, milling power consumption will be greatly increased. Industrial boiler, the coal into the furnace too small, there will be the following questions: 1, coal leakage losses, etc. from grate gap increased. 2, boiler grate to be at full speed, power consumption increases. 3, fly ash, fuel loss increases. 4, a coal burning ember i.e., unstable combustion, furnace volume heat load difficult to sustain stable. So the boiler when using fine particles of coal, coal is subject to how much water, raw coal water, play groups and then into the furnace. If the burning coal of 8 to 12h before the water, so that the penetration of moisture into the interior of the coal particles is better. Water vapor produced is moistened triatomic gases, flue gas can strengthen radiation, facilitate ignition, exhaust and reduce heat loss